1) the termination of a marriage by legal action, requiring a petition or complaint for divorce (or dissolution in some states, including california) by one party. some states still require at least a minimal showing of fault, but no-fault divorce is now the rule in which “incompatibility” is sufficient to grant a divorce. the substantive issues in divorces are division of property, child custody and support, alimony (spousal support), child visitation and attorney’s fees. only state courts have jurisdiction over divorces, so the petitioning or complaining party can only file in the state in which he/she is and has been a resident for a period of time (as little as six weeks in nevada). in most states the period from original filing for divorce, serving the petition on the other party and final judgment (or decree) takes several months to allow for a chance to reconcile.