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In criminal law, to voluntarily state that one is guilty of a criminal offense. this admission may be made to a law enforcement officer or in court either prior to or upon arrest, or after the person is charged with a specific crime. a confession must be truly voluntary (not forced by threat, torture, or trickery) and cannot be admitted in trial unless the defendant has been given the so-called miranda warnings at the time of arrest or when it is clear he/she is the prime suspect, all based on the fifth amendment prohibition against self-incrimination. the miranda warnings are: the right to remain silent, the right to have an attorney present and that one can be appointed, and that his/her statements may be used against the defendant in court.

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